The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Bollywood, Hindi-language sector of the Indian moviemaking industry that commenced in Bombay (now Mumbai) inside the 1930s and evolved into an tremendous movie empire.
After early Indian experiments in silent film, in 1934 Bombay Talkies, launched via Himansu Rai, spearheaded the growth of Indian cinema. through the years, numerous traditional genres emerged from Bollywood: the historic epic, extensively Mughal-e-Azam (1960); the curry western, which include Sholay (1975); the courtesan film, which include Latest Movie Pakeezah (1972), which highlights stunning cinematography and sensual dance choreography; and the mythological film, represented via Jai Santoshi Maa (1975).
Stars, instead of plots, were frequently the driving pressure behind the movies. starting in 1936, while Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani emerged because the first most important big name pair, the Indian public evolved an insatiable appetite for news approximately their screen heroes. This interest persisted with male actors along with Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, and Dev Anand inside the Nineteen Fifties and ’60s, Rajesh Khanna within the ’70s, Amitabh Bachchan in the ’80s, and Shah Rukh Khan inside the ’90s. famous female icons covered Madhubala inside the Fifties, Mumtaz in the ’60s, Zeenat Aman inside the ’70s, Hema Malini within the ’80s, and Madhuri Dixit and Kajol within the ’90s.
on the turn of the 21st century, the Indian movie industry—of which Bollywood remained the largest factor—changed into producing as many as 1,000 function films yearly in all of India’s main languages and in a spread of towns, and international audiences commenced to broaden amongst South Asians in the uk and in the u.s.a.. widespread functions of Bollywood films endured to be formulaic story strains, expertly choreographed fight scenes, wonderful tune-and-dance routines, emotion-charged melodrama, and large-than-existence heroes.